Over the past ten years, the United States has witnessed two of the biggest youth sports sex abuse scandals in history. The first case involved Jerry Sandusky, a former Penn State college football coach who preyed on dozens of young boys through youth sports programs sponsored by his nonprofit organization, The Second Mile. The second case involved Larry Nassar, who molested at least 250 girls and young women through his roles with U.S. Gymnastics and Michigan State University. While these two men are cited as extreme examples of child sex abuse—and the corruption and cover-ups that allow it to happen—they are just the tip of the iceberg. This white paper will look at the extent of child sex abuse in youth sports and the measures youth sports organizations can use to prevent these life-altering atrocities.