The FCRA was enacted to ensure that consumer reporting agencies respect the consumer’s right to privacy. Not just for financial information, but criminal too.
The EEOC is a federal organization that regulates the reporting of employment-related data.
Ban the Box is state-level legislation that prevents employers from asking job applicants about prior criminal convictions.
In some states, employers must notify a job candidate when they receive a background check that may lead them to withhold a job offer.