What may be reported on a state criminal history search?
- Jurisdiction where record is recorded
- Case number
- Filing date
- Degree of offense, such as a misdemeanor
- Disposition date
Criminal Record Restrictions
Iowa has chosen to institute very few restrictions on criminal background checks ordered in the state for the purposes of employment. However, despite the state's lack of regulations, employers must remember their obligations to provide fair and equal opportunities to all applicants as per the FCRA and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act.
Before making any adverse employment decisions based on criminal histories, consider the guidelines outlined in those statutes. The following serves as an at-a-glance guide to what employers can expect to encounter when ordering background reports in Iowa.
Arrest Records: Employers are not restricted in their ability to request and use arrest records during the application process. However, the use of arrest records that did not yield a conviction may expose you to discrimination complaints and should be used with caution, per the Human Rights Commission.
Conviction Records: Iowa does not restrict employers who wish to use conviction records in their considerations. Again, the Human Rights Commission suggests employers consider factors such as rehabilitation efforts and the time elapsed since the conviction rather than using criminal history as an absolute bar to employment.
Ban the Box: No county or state-level ban the box law exists in Iowa.
Credit Checks: Employers do not face restrictions outside of the FCRA on the ways in which they can inquire into and use applicant credit information.